The number of new HIV diagnoses in Midlands and the East of England soared five times in the last two decade. Cases have risen from 238 in 1997 to 1,181 in 2015.
Story via Grimsby Telegraph
The increase started after a relatively stable period between 1986 and 1996, when the number of new HIV diagnoses fluctuated between 190 and 204.
Much of the increase occurred between 1997 and 2004 when the number of people newly diagnosed with HIV went from 238 to 1,552, the peak in the 30-year period. The highest number of deaths was in 1994, when 149 people died as a result of HIV/AIDS, the vast majority of whom were male.
While HIV is now commonly seen as a treatable disease due to advances in retroviral drugs, there were still 97 deaths in 2015. The majority of new HIV diagnoses occurs in people aged 35-49. There were 19,018 from 2000 to 2015 and more than a half, or 10,627, were men.
In recent years, sex between men has once again became the main source of probable transmission of HIV.
Since 2000, there have actually been more diagnoses caused by heterosexual sex – 12,230- than by men having sex with men (4,940 cases). In 2015, there were 402 such cases compared to 516 diagnoses linked to heterosexual sex.
A further 33 cases were caused by drug use, 21 were mother-to-child transmissions, and 12 were caused by blood transfusions and products.