As we prepare to enter our 25th year, we are reflecting on the global HIVevents from the last three decades. HIV has swept across the globe touching communities on every continent. Here’s an introduction to some of the key moments in the early global history of HIV. Catch up on the story using the ‘Recent Posts’ link to the right.
By 1st January 1995, a cumulative total of a million cases of AIDS had been reported to the World Health Organisation Global Programme on AIDS. Eighteen million adults and 1.5 million children were estimated to have been infected with HIV since the beginning of the epidemic.
AIDS had become the leading cause of death amongst all Americans aged 25 to 44.
Two research reports provided important new information about how HIV replicates in the body and how it affects the immune system.
The South African Ministry of Health announced that some 850,000 people – 2.1 percent of the 40 million population – were believed to be HIV positive. Among pregnant women the figure had reached 8 percent and was rising.
By the autumn of 1995, 7-8 million women of childbearing age were believed to have been infected with HIV.
By December 15th, the World Health Organisation had received reports of 1,291,810 cumulative cases of AIDS in adults and children from 193 countries or areas. The WHO estimated that the actual number of cases that had occurred was around 6 million. Eight countries in Africa had reported more than 20,000 cases.
Other organisations estimated that by the end of 1995, 9.2 million people worldwide had died from AIDS.
Worldwide during 1995, it was estimated that 4.7 million new HIV infections occurred. Of these, 2.5 million occurred in Southeast Asia and 1.9 million in sub-Saharan Africa. Approximately 500,000 children were born with HIV.
The WHO estimated that by the end of the century, 30 to 40 million people would have been affected by HIV.
British DJ and entertainer Kenny Everett dies from AIDS on 4 April 1995.